The true charm of this lively dog is due to its character: the Jack Russell terrier is an intelligent quadruped, full of joy and faithful to man. This breed was started by the Reverend Jack Russell, one of the Anglican hunter-pastors. He was an avid fox hunter and needed an agile dog with a fighting character who would be able to keep pace with the pack and would not be afraid to track the animal underground.
His dogs did not have certain standards and did not participate in beauty contests, but they were especially popular with hunters and riders. In addition to hunting foxes, Jack Russell has proven to be an outstanding rodent exterminator. The most important feature of this breed is character, so particular individuals differ from one another in terms of external appearance. In the early 1980s, the breed appeared in Germany.
Two varieties of these dogs emerged, with a substantially similar pattern, except for some differences in height and overall proportions. The taller, square-shaped dog is known as the Parson Russell Terrier, while the smaller, slightly elongated dog is known as the Jack Russell Terrier.
- Perfect height: 25 - 30 cm
- With a height of 25 cm, the weight of the dog should not exceed 5 kg
- A dog 30 cm tall should weigh 6 kg
- Active dogs
- Sporting dogs
- Medium-size dogs
- Companion and toy dogs
The dog is short, has a slightly elongated body and is covered with thick, smooth or coarse hair. It has an endearing and unpretentious appearance. He has a great personality, intelligence and great temperament.
Jack Russell is a family dog - smart, cheerful and faithful. He is a strong, energetic and agile terrier with a strong personality.
Representatives of this breed are characterized by enormous amounts of energy. They love movement and fun, so you should keep them active. The walk should be related to various tasks, e.g. an obstacle course. Due to the inexhaustible energy, this dog is not for everyone. Its owner should be resolute, patient, calm and, above all, consistent. Raising this dog should start from the very beginning, as soon as it appears in our home. Thanks to this, at a later time, it will be easier for us to enforce what we expect from him.
Jack Russell is an exceptionally lively, confident and swashbuckling dog. He is very independent and always ready to get his own way. Nevertheless, it should be easy to get along with and unkind. He's a smart, alert, friendly family companion, always ready for action. It is a very active, daring, intelligent, clever, enterprising, independent and very brave dog (sometimes it can behave in a daring manner). Although he learns very quickly, he has a tendency to do things his own way. One should not be fooled by his mischievous looks. This clever and intelligent dog is very good at using it.
This breed loves to play with children. However, due to his lively temperament, you should be vigilant when playing with the youngest. They are caring dogs, always eager to play. It is an ideal breed for dog sports Agility or Frisbee, it will also be a great companion for morning jogging. Jack Russell terriers can be dominant and sometimes take advantage of it in the company of other dogs. Even properly educated individuals may have a tendency to chase after cats, because they have a hunting instinct. These dogs bark for a reason. Jack Russell is not a dog for comfortable or nervous people. It is the perfect partner for a person with a strong personality who will calmly and consistently raise him.
Jack Russell terrier does not require any special care. Regular brushing with a rubber brush and cleaning your dog's hair with a soft chamois cloth is enough. If you are showing your wirehaired pet at the exhibition, trim it two or three times a year.
- with black and tan, black and red markings
The coat is smooth and rough. Dogs of this breed are resistant to weather conditions.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a strong and hardy breed. It may develop a kneecap dislocation, myasthenia gravis and progressive retinal atrophy. It is possible to test for these conditions.
Hip dysplasia and allergies of unknown origin are extremely rare.
Hearing tests are recommended for individuals with a small amount of colored markings on the white fur.
Dogs of this breed are prone to tartar build-up so you should get them used to brushing their teeth as soon as possible. You can also buy special cleaning teethers.
Wirehaired individuals are better adapted to low temperatures. Terriers with short hair and a small amount of undercoat are less resistant to frost and moisture, but there is hardly a need to wear coats.
Since the Jack Russell Terrier is a very fashionable breed, it is bred frequently without control. This leads to the formation of individuals with genetic defects or behavioral disorders. Therefore, only buy a dog from a trusted kennel.
The Jack Russel Terrier is not picky and usually has an excellent appetite, so don't let it gain too much weight. For an adult dog, we recommend a high-quality, medium-protein food designed for small breeds.
For home meals, you can add flaxseed, oatmeal, small amounts of vegetable oil or agents with biotin and unsaturated fatty acids to improve the condition of the skin and stimulate hair growth. If your pet is very active, it may eat food that is higher in protein and fat.